Articoli filtrati per data: Mercoledì, 05 Aprile 2017

Pierpaolo Battigalli

 

In una nota su Econometrica Battigalli, Cerreia-Vioglio, Maccheroni e Marinacci dimostrano che l'avversione all'incertezza, in una situazione di interazione strategica tra attori, ha l'effetto controintuitivo di rendere gli esiti più difficili da prevedere . In A Note on Comparative Ambiguity Aversion and Justifiability (in Econometrica, Vol 84, Issue 5, 1903-1916, DOI: 10.3982/ECTA14429), Pierpaolo Battigalli, Simone Cerreia-Vioglio, Fabio Maccheroni e Massimo Marinacci del Dipartimento di Scienze delle decisioni della Bocconi tornano ad analizzare gli effetti dell’avversione all’incertezza sui processi decisionali, come avevano già fatto di recente in un articolo sull’American Economic Review.

Pubblicato in Etica
Mercoledì, 05 Aprile 2017 12:49

Girls are better at masking autism than boys

Girls with autism have relatively good social skills, which means that their autism is often not recognised. Autism manifests itself in girls differently from in boys. Psychologist Carolien Rieffe and colleagues from the Autism Centre and INTER-PSY (Groningen) report their findings in scientific journal Autism. Information about autism in girls is scarce. What we know about autism is mainly based on research among boys and men. That can be a problem, says Leiden Professor of Development Psychology Rieffe: ‘If we take the clinical picture for boys with autism as the standard, there's a good chance that autism in girls won't be picked up.' To change this, Rieffe and her colleagues examined how autism manifests itself in girls.

Pubblicato in Scienceonline

 

Scientists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum have established a process for identifying biomarkers for the diagnosis of different types of cancer. With the aid of a specific type of infrared (IR) spectroscopy, the researchers applied an automated and label-free approach to detect tumour tissue in a biopsy or tissue sample. Unlike with label-based processes, such as are currently deployed by pathologists, the tissue remains unmodified. This, in turn, facilitates detailed protein analyses in the next step. Studying tissue samples from patients who suffered from lung or pleural cancer, the researchers identified protein biomarkers that are typical of the respective subtype of cancer. The team of the research consortium “Protein Research Unit Ruhr within Europe” (PURE) has published their report in the journal “Scientific Reports”.

Pubblicato in Scienceonline
Mercoledì, 05 Aprile 2017 12:38

Ritratto di sistema planetario in formazione

Il disco di polvere che circonda la giovane stella HD 169142 ripreso da ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array) dell’ESO

 

Un team di ricercatori guidati da Davide Fedele, dell’Istituto nazionale di astrofisica di Firenze, ha individuato la traccia della presenza di due pianeti in formazione attorno alla giovane stella HD 169142, distante da noi circa 470 anni luce. I due pianeti avrebbero masse paragonabili a quella del nostro Giove. Il disco di polvere che circonda la giovane stella HD 169142 ripreso da ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array) dell’ESO. Gli anelli vividi sono ampie strisce di polvere, separate da profondi spazi vuoti. Crediti: ALMA (ESO / NAOJ / NRAO)/ Fedele et al Grazie alle dettagliate riprese del telescopio Alma (Atacama Large Millimeter-submillimeter Array) dell’Eso, un team internazionale di ricercatori guidati da Davide Fedele, dell’Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica di Firenze, ha individuato la traccia della presenza di due pianeti in formazione attorno alla giovane stella Hd 169142, distante da noi circa 470 anni luce e situata in direzione della costellazione del Sagittario. I due pianeti avrebbero masse paragonabili a quella del nostro Giove.

Pubblicato in Astronomia

Aerial view from WADI first test flights

 

The first test phase of the WADI project has been successfully completed. During the month of February 2017 WADI partners ONERA and SCP tested the innovative airborne water leak detection surveillance service developed by the project. A Busard airplain equipped with hyper-spectral and infrared cameras flew over the facilities of Canal de Provence (SCP), in the South-East of France, and recorded images of the irrigation network including buried ductile iron pipes in three locations: Rians (close to Aix en Provence), Valtrède (Martingues) and Cabardelle (Salon de Provence). The three flights provided high quality images in the spectrum of IR (band III, between 8000 and 12000 nm), SWIR (between 1400 and 3000 nm) and VNIR (between 400 and 1400 nm). ONERA, scientific coordinator of the WADI project, is currently processing the images in order to define the most efficient wavelength among the 416 collected for the detection of soil humidity. This test will lead to the design of a measurement strategy for future campaigns. In the next few weeks, SCP will release controlled leaks in view to a second test phase (WADI -2), scheduled for the end April 2017.

 

http://www.waditech.eu/NewsEvents/A-New-Leak-Detection-Surveillance-System-Tested-In-France.kl

 

Pubblicato in Scienceonline

Isobio Panel discussion

The use of bio-based materials is often met with scepticism from architects, insurers and contractors in the construction industry, which has led to slow market uptake. This scepticism generally results from a lack of adequate training and support with regard to regulatory frameworks. This was the backdrop of the ISOBIO workshop, held 22 March in Brussels where the project team met with representatives from Earth Building UK and Ireland, BC architects & studies, the ECO-SEE project and the German Association for Building with Earth. The aim was to identify the levers for faster adoption of bio-based material in the construction sector.

Pubblicato in Scienceonline

 

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